Nothing is more relaxing than a steaming cup of tea, isn’t it? But what if you could also relax by growing tea yourself? Growing tea is easier than it seems and will fill your home with a soothing and wonderful atmosphere.
Tea is often touted for its many health benefits, including antioxidants and stress relief. It can improve heart health and reduce the risk of stroke. Green tea is known for weight loss, while the caffeine in black tea wakes us up in the morning. With your own plant you get all these benefits and the joy of gardening!
There are hundreds of tea flavors but only one real tea plant. Camellia sinensis is the vegetation that you should thank for your daily dose. The evergreen foliage adds charm to any garden and home comfort to your cup.
By growing Camellia sinensis, you are participating in an ancient and global practice. Tea was prized by the Chinese monarchy, was central to Japanese ceremonies, and was presented to the British by Portuguese royalty. At one time it was such an expensive delicacy that it was smuggled into Britain to avoid high prices.
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About The Tea Plant
To say that the tea tree is historical is an understatement. It has played a huge role in the cultures of the past and continues to have great traditional, medical and spiritual significance today. This unique plant, which originated in China and India about 2,000 years ago, is grown and consumed all over the world today!
Camellia sinensis is adapted to tropical and subtropical climates, which means it likes humidity and warm, not hot temperatures. For this reason, commercial tea production is mainly concentrated in Asia, from Japan to Nepal through Sri Lanka.
Camellia sinensis is a woody shrub that can also become a small tree. The size usually keeps it between 3 and 7 feet tall, but it has the potential to grow to 20 feet or more. The coveted tea leaves are bright bright green and elongated. In autumn and winter, this evergreen plant produces the most beautiful small white flowers with buttery yellow center.
The genus Camellia includes various ornamental plants with showy and colorful flowers. Among them, however, the Sinensis species is the tea maker.
Different Teas From One Plant
Although you don’t get your herbal blends (called “herbal teas”) from tea leaves, you get all real teas from the same source. From time to time there will be blends that mix tea leaves with herbal ingredients for flavor, but anything that is truly tea will be made with the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant.
Real tea includes black, green, oolong (sometimes called red) and white tea. Each flavor is created by treating the plant differently, mainly with oxidation. Simply put, oxidation is what happens when a leaf dries. It starts as soon as the Leaf is plucked and does not stop until the gardener literally stops it with heat.
The Camellia sinensis plant fixes tea seeds very well, but they are unreliable for germination. In order for them to grow the right plant, most gardeners rely on store-bought appetizers. These shrubs are best grown outdoors, but can also be indoor-outdoor growers. If you decide to plant in a container, prepare for annual pruning to keep the size manageable. You will also need a 3 to 5 gallon container with good drainage.
Start growing your tea in early spring, just before the start of the growing season. If you choose to plant in open ground, select the appropriate location in advance. Your Small Tea Garden should be somewhere in partial shade-under a canopy of trees is perfect. However, these plants need to be protected from the cold winds and bad weather, so plant them on the south side of your home if necessary. Place each bush at least 36″ away from other plants.
Like plonk, the taste of tea depends a lot on its growing environment or its terroir. The taste may differ between the leaves grown in different climates, altitudes or even parts of the garden. You can try experimenting to find the ideal point in your garden by planting in different places.
Taking Care Of Your Tea Leaf Plant
Now that your Camellia sinensis is planted, it needs a little TLC for tea time. Here’s everything you need to know about growing these relaxing tea leaves.
Sun and temperature
You may think that tropical plants need full sun, but most grow naturally under treetops, where they thrive in fleshy light. Give your green tea plant some shade and protect it from direct light and heat. Indoors, you want to place it in direct indirect sunlight.
The ideal temperature here is between 50 and 90°F. When the temperature starts to drop below 50 ° F, the camellia will sleep for the winter. During this time, it should always be between 25 and 50°F. if necessary, you can cover the plants or move the pots to a warmer place. However, it should be borne in mind that the plant will not bloom unless it is allowed to go to rest.
Camellia sinensis is an acidophilic plant with a preferred pH of 5.5 to 6.5. You need to make sure the soil is acidic before planting tea and maintain the pH from there. Use a soil analysis kit to determine if your growing medium needs treatment. To help maintain acidity over the years, use acidic fertilizer and mulch.
Watery roots pose a serious peril to the black tea plant, so you need a fast and well-drained soil. It should also be quite fertile, which can be achieved by adding organic substances. Make sure that it does not spoil the drain!
You will need an acidic fertilizer for tea plants. There are many products designed specifically for camellias (azalea fertilizer also works well). However, if you want to stimulate leaf growth, look for a nitrogen-rich fertilizer.
Start fertilizing in early spring, when the tree begins to grow. You can make an annual application of slow-release fertilizer or 1-3 short-term feeding applications throughout the spring. If you have applied mulch to the soil, remove it before fertilizing. After applying the vegetable food, water it and replace the mulch.
Since tea tree seeds do not germinate well, we recommend propagating them vegetatively. Stem cuttings are a common and simple method that creates clones of the original plant. You can multiply your own trees or take a pruning from a friend’s House.
Get your pruning from the tip of a healthy branch, which contains 2-4 leaves and growth buds. It should be about 3 to 4 centimeters long with a diagonal cut. Dip the cut end in a fungicide if necessary, and then the rooting hormone.
The tea doesn’t really go bad to the point of being toxic, but it gets stale. Once processed, it is best to use it within six months, but it will stay fresh for about a year. Black tea and Oolong tea, if properly treated, can be stored for two years without losing taste.
Store your tea in a dark pantry at room temperature or slightly cool. You should use an airtight container to keep the tea well-you can even double the lids. We know that you want to show the beautiful leaves in a glass jar, but opaque containers are preferable because the light does not pass through them. Metal or glass is preferable because plastic can affect the taste. Tea will also steal the flavors from storage neighbors, so keep it away from spices and coffee.
The algal leaf spot appears as raised silvery spots on the leaves. Large infections can turn yellow and finish the leaves. This ailment develops in hot and humid weather and should be caught early. The best control method is to prune the infected leaves and allow good ventilation throughout the Bush.
Root rot, most often caused by after blight or Pythium, damages the plant below and above the ground. It begins with waterlogged roots that begin to rot and can pull the bush up. This ailment will slow down growth, turn the leaves yellow, and eventually finish the entire tree. The most effective way to prevent root rot is to use well-drained soil, and not excessive watering. If you think that root rot is already underway, stop watering, switch to better soil and apply a fungicide.