Laurel Bay is a beautiful evergreen tree. Since the Laurel grows slowly, it is also kept as an ornament, especially in the form of form trees. Bay laurels work very well for topiary use!.
This beautiful evergreen is an ideal candidate for your garden because it has attractive foliage and is easy to care for. Best of all, it is used as a spice in many cuisines. It is often used in slow-cooking recipes such as soups and stews, but is also an important flavor note in rice dishes such as jambalaya.
You will be surprised that the elliptical leaves of this tree are dried and used as wraps for licorice. The items are then shipped all over the world. In China, bay leaf is also used in rice packaging to give a light aromatic note to rice.
Whether grown in pots or in the ground, a Laurel can be a great addition to your landscaping efforts. Not only that, but you will be able to use these leaves for their herbaceous flavor on a culinary level. What’s not to love?
Quick Maintenance Guide
All About Laurierbaai
The Laurel has the botanical name Laurus nobilis. It originated in the Mediterranean regions, but has become popular all over the world. Laurus nobilis produces the famous bay leaf that is widely used as a spice. Other common names for the Laurus nobilis tree are sweet bay, bay laurel, true Laurel, Grecian Laurel, and Laurel.
Laurel is an evergreen tree that grows smooth, hairless leaves. It belongs to the flowering plant family Lauraceae. When grown in pots, it remains compact, usually less than 6 feet tall. Planted in the ground, it often reaches 6 feet or more in height.
The leaves are dark green in color, shiny and oval. They have a smooth leathery texture and are slightly thick to the touch. Laurel is not only used as a herb, but also grows beautiful yellow-green flowers in spring. Laurus nobilis is dioecious, which means that the tree is not self-pollinating. You need a male plant and a female plant to get more than leaves and flowers.
If pollination occurs between male and female plants, the flowers of the female Laurel are followed by purple-black single-set berries. Laurus nobilis has a widespread root system, so it is important to maintain a safe distance when planting near your home or other structures. Roots can easily get into leaking pipes, so avoid planting them near water or sewer pipes.
Planting Bay Laurel
When To Plant
In the United States, bare-rooted trees should be planted in after winter or early spring, depending on your region. Since the Berry prefers warmer climates, in areas with severe frosts, gardeners should plant indoors in containers. You should plant your tree when it is still a little dormant, before it wakes up and begins to produce new growth. This will give him the best chance to adapt to his new location.
Where To Plant
Young trees tend to be sensitive to the wind, whether it’s hot or cold. Choose a place where the tree has a windbreak nearby to avoid being hit by the air!
Choose a place where your tree gets full sun all year round. Although they can do well in partially shaded places, they grow best with at least eight hours of sunlight a day.
Potted plants can be moved indoors or outdoors, depending on the weather. If they are indoors, they should be in a place where they receive their daily dose of sunlight through a window. Alternatively, you can install a growth lamp to provide them with additional lighting. Use a pot that matches the size of the tree and its age. Keep it away from drafts or heating vents.
How To Plant
Your plant will either be rooted bare or potted. If it is bare-rooted, pay attention to where the bag is tied around the trunk, as this is the maximum depth to be planted. Potted trees should not be planted deeper than they have been in the pot.
Before planting, loosen and change the soil where the tree will be located. It is essential that it has good drainage, so floors that boil on a hard and less permeable surface may need soil improvers to improve drainage. For an annual sapling, loosen an area at least 3 feet in diameter and at least 2 to 3 feet deep.
Once your soil is loose and modified with compost or other soil improvers, make a mountain of soil in the center of the hole. Place your bare tree at the top of the hill and place the roots evenly around the hill. Fill with modified soil.
Flower Laurel care
Oleander can be used as a screen or hedge, provided that there is another windbreak nearby. It can also be an excellent topiary plant growing in a pot. But what do you care? Let’s talk about it.
Sun and temperature
8 hours of sun are ideal for the berries. They can survive in warmer climates with some shade in the afternoon, but they still need at least 6 hours of full sun when possible.
USDA hardiness zones 8-10 are ideal for this plant. They behave well at temperatures between 45 and 90 degrees, but their ideal growth temperature is 60-75 degrees.
Although the Berry can survive in colder weather, it begins to have problems as soon as the temperature drops below zero. Like a warmer evergreen climate, it is not used to long periods of frost. When it reaches 20 degrees Fahrenheit, your tree will begin to suffer real damage. Those who live in a supercooled climate (for example, residents of the northeastern United States, such as New York) should plan to grow their Berry in containers and bring it inside for the winter.
Watering and humidity
While the Sweet Laurel absolutely hates having wet feet, it still needs to be watered. Make sure your soil drains excess water well, then provide about 1 inch of water per week. It is best to water in the morning, and slowly, gradually water that can seep into the soil around the roots is preferred to overflow at the base. A soak hose does this very well, or just put your hose on a very weak wire.
As the temperature warms up, increase your watering frequency from a long, slow watering once a week to about twice a week. The soil will lose a lot of moisture in hot weather. Mulch can slow the evaporation of moisture from the soil, but be careful not to place the mulch directly against the trunk, as this can promote rotting of the trunk. Keep about 15 centimeters between the mulch and the tree trunk.
This tree is not very picky about its soil. It can grow well in any type of soil, be it sandy soil, hard clay or a nice loose potting soil. The only real requirement is that the soil drains very well of excess water so that it does not become damp or muddy. Like many trees, it is prone to root rot in moist soils.
The pH of the soil is also not a big problem here. Anything from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline (5.5-7.5) is fine. Aim for neutral conditions as a baseline when testing your pH, and you’ll be fine.
A slow-release granular fertilizer applied in early spring, with a second dose in early summer, should be enough to feed your Berry. Aim for a balanced fertilizer, but if you don’t have this option, a nitrogen-rich fertilizer should be fine. For liquid fertilizers, choose a fish and kelp emulsion.
Anthracnose causes black leaf spots and curved and disfigured leaves. This plant ailment can be treated with the help of botanical fungicides such as neem oil.
After blight, sometimes called sooty mold, causes a grayish fungus to spread on the surface of the leaves. It looks like mold or mildew. Treat it with neem oil or a copper-based fungicide.
Mildew can also occur. This is very similar to after blight in appearance, but lighter in color and dusty in appearance. Neem oil is very effective against powdery mildew.
Finally, phytophthora root rot is common in berries that do not have enough drainage. Although there is no easy treatment for this, prevention is as simple as not over-watering. In addition, applying Trichoderma harzianum to your soil can help prevent rotting. This soil-living fungus penetrates the root system, helping to defend them against other soil-borne organisms. This interdependence helps both your Berry and the mushrooms thrive because your Berry is better able to absorb nutrients from the soil around it.