Peter Piper picked up a pepper. But first, he had to plant the peppers, and so did you! In fact, it’s so easy to learn how to grow peppers that you’ll never have to pick them at the grocery store again. This makes it the perfect plant for gardeners who love low-maintenance vegetables.
Not only are they a great addition to any meal, but peppers are also very ornamental plants. Some gardeners plant them in landscapes just for their eye-catching colors. The tasty fruits come in a variety of festive shades ranging from green to orange, red and purple. If the peppers are not there, the plant itself is beautiful with its full, green foliage and small white flowers.
Paprika is closely related to all other species of peppers, such as Jalapenos and Habeneros. Unlike its hot and spicy relatives, however, it lacks the chemical capsaicin, which is responsible for heat. For this reason, you often hear them called peppers – and that’s exactly what they are!
Quick Maintenance Guide
All About Peppers
Peppers are native to Central and South America, they were introduced to Europe by Columbus and other explorers and have since grown all over the world. They are by nature a perennial plant with warm weather, so residents of cold regions grow them only as an annual. They are usually forgiving plants, but the right temperature is essential to help them thrive. As such, you can use your bell pepper as a perennial if you live in a warm climate or bring it indoors in winter. If you choose the latter, keep it warm and exposed to a lot of light.
If grown as annuals, pepper bushes usually produce a single set of fruits. As perennials, however, they can continue to produce throughout the winter.
Varieties of Paprika
They may look like their own species, but peppers are actually cultivars of Capsicum annuum. This species is sorted into five groups of edible peppers. the Grossum group includes all peppers. here are some of our favorites:
You get a beautiful orange hue with the Gourmet pepper. It has thick, juicy walls with a fruity taste. The plant is highly resistant to the tobacco mosaic virus, produced early and has a high yield. It is an award-winning variety that enthuses gardeners.
You can combine almost any color into one with this variety. The skin starts green then turns yellow, orange and finally red. Choose them at different times to enjoy the full range of colors! The peppers are long, lean and ready to eat in just 65 days after transplanting.
It should be the cutest of all peppers. They are round, red and the size of a cherry, making them excellent ornamental plants and bite-sized snacks. The plant generously bears its cherries, so you will not miss these sweet treats.
A chocolate pepper? It sounds like a strange combination, but it is a very tasty treat. It has a creamy reddish-brown skin and red flesh. Unfortunately, it does not taste like chocolate, but this pepper is still very sweet. In addition, it ripens quickly (60-75 days).
This is one of the best pepper plants to pick green, but it turns red after. It has a square shape and a spicy taste that is excellent for culinary use. It is a resistant plant that is resistant to the tobacco mosaic virus and other ailments. Unfortunately, this is a hybrid, so the seeds are sterile.
You will definitely get more fruits for your money with these giants. Yellow monster peppers are twice as big as other varieties-8 inches long!. You will notice that they have a very sweet taste and a fleshy texture. They start green and gradually turn bright yellow.
It doesn’t get any prettier than purple beauty. This one is so dark purple that it looks almost black (like an eggplant). However, if you open it, the fruit will be lime green! When the violet ripens completely, it turns dark red. These purple peppers are one of the most productive and fastest growing plants, with only about 70 to harvest.
With a good care schedule, you don’t have to work too hard here. As long as you monitor the temperature and are consistent with watering, you will be harvesting before you know it!
Sun and temperature
Due to their tropical origin, your pepper plants need warm weather to thrive. Ideally, daytime temperatures should be between 70 and 80°F and nights above 50°F. With hot weather, your peppers should be placed in full sun.
Not paying attention to the temperature can lead to poor fruit set or dead plants. Temperatures above 80°F can cause flower drops and disfigured fruits. If necessary, protect your plants by providing them with light shade in hot weather. These plants are also sensitive to cold night temperatures, so it may be necessary to cover them.
Water and humidity
Peppers have shallow roots, so constant watering is the key to keeping them happy. Watering under water or sporadically can make the wall of the pepper thin instead of thick, while making the taste bitter. For best results, keep the soil moist, but not overflow. 1-2 centimeters per week should be enough, but additional moisture may be needed during flowering and in hot weather.
You need well-drained soil that is a good balance of silt and sand. Peppers love their nutrients, so provide the soil with a lot of organic matter with mulch and dressings. The exact pH is not so important here, but a range of 5.5 to 7.0 is considered ideal.
Peppers are one of the easiest plants to store. You can keep them from your home-grown garden peppers or take them from store-bought ones.
Please note that the seeds may not be true to type if the plant is cross-pollinated. If several varieties of peppers are grown together, you can end up with accidental hybrids that taste completely different from their parent variety. In addition, some hybrid varieties produce sterile seeds, so they cannot germinate at all! Keep your pepper varieties separate or choose only one type to grow if you want to keep the seeds.
Start by choosing a healthy and fully ripe bell pepper. Remove the seeds, discard those that look sick or discolored. Spread the rest on a paper towel and let them dry for several days, turning them over as needed. When they are completely dry, they are so hard that you cannot dent them with your fingernail.
Falling, damage or the absence of flowers is an unfortunately common problem among pepper plants. This is often caused by temperatures below 60°F at night. However, this can also happen if it is too hot during the day (80°F+). Other potential culprits include water, too much nitrogen and a lack of nutrients in the garden.
Peppers can be parthenocarpic, which means that they can produce fruits without being pollinated. However, the plant can decompose young peppers, since they will not serve any purpose in reproduction. Avoid this by inviting pollinators into your garden by attracting flowers or pollinating by hand.
The mosaic virus appears in the form of a large number of spots on the pepper leaf and coated leaves. It is deadly and incurable, so you need to finish all affected plants. This virus is usually spread by seeds, so make sure you get yours from a reputable and healthy source.
From time to time, gardeners report problems with terminal rotting of flowers. This appears as dark, rotten areas at the end of the fruit flower. The most common cause of this problem is inconsistent watering, and in accordance with this should solve most problems. In rare circumstances, however, it can be caused by plants suffering from calcium deficiency. If the soil pH is too high, this can prevent the plant from absorbing calcium. Use a soil test kit to check your pH.
Anthracnose is a fungus that infects many types of plants, including peppers. The first symptoms include small brown or black spots on the leaves, stems and fruits. If nothing is done, the spots will grow and eventually collapse, leaving holes in the foliage. Neem oil does a good job of controlling anthracnose, as does copper fungicide. You can prevent this fungus, and others, by keeping your plants clean, dry and well pruned.